Rother, Martin and Deutschmann, R. A. and Wegscheider, Werner and Bichler, Max and Abstreiter, Gerhard
Evidence of Luttinger liquid behavior in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wires.
Physica E Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 6 (1-4), pp. 551-554.
We present low-temperature measurements of the ballistic transport in high-quality quantum wires. As the Fermi energy is varied, the conductance of these wires exhibits quantized plateaus at values lower than integer multiples of 2e2/h. We observe Luttinger liquid power laws in the temperature dependence of the plateau conductances as well as in the non-linear current–voltage characteristics. From these power laws we extract the Luttinger liquid scaling exponent αN as a function of the Fermi energy and the number of occupied subbands.