Bein, Thomas and Weber, Frank and Philipp, Alois and Prasser, Christopher and Pfeifer, Michael and Schmid, Franz-Xaver and Butz, Bernhard and Birnbaum, Dietrich and Taeger, Kai and Schlitt, Hans J. (2006) A new pumpless extracorporeal interventional lung assist in critical hypoxemia/hypercapnia. Critical care medicine 34 (5), pp. 1372-1377.
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OBJECTIVE: Pump-driven extracorporeal gas exchange systems have been advocated in patients suffering from severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who are at risk for life-threatening hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia. This requires extended technical and staff support. DESIGN: We report retrospectively our experience with a new pumpless extracorporeal interventional lung assist (iLA) establishing an arteriovenous shunt as the driving pressure. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Interventional lung assist was inserted in 90 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Oxygenation improvement, carbon dioxide elimination, hemodynamic variables, and the amount of vasopressor substitution were reported before, 2 hrs after, and 24 hrs after implementation of the system. Interventional lung assist led to an acute and moderate increase in arterial oxygenation (Pao2/Fio2 ratio 2 hrs after initiation of iLA [median and interquartile range], 82 mm Hg [64-103]) compared with pre-iLA (58 mm Hg [47-78], p < .05). Oxygenation continued to improve for 24 hrs after implementation (101 mm Hg [74-142], p < .05). Hypercapnia was promptly and markedly reversed by iLA within 2 hrs (Paco2, 36 mm Hg [30-44]) in comparison with before (60 mm Hg [48-80], p < .05], which allowed a less aggressive ventilation. For hemodynamic stability, all patients received continuous norepinephrine infusion. The incidence of complications was 24.4%, mostly due to ischemia in a lower limb. Thirty-seven of 90 patients survived, creating a lower mortality rate than expected from the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score. CONCLUSIONS: Interventional lung assist might provide a sufficient rescue measure with easy handling properties and low cost in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and persistent hypoxia/hypercapnia.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Herz-, Thorax- und herznahe Gefäßchirurgie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||02 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:51|