Lorke, Axel and Böhm, Stefan and Wegscheider, Werner
Curved two-dimensional electron gases.
Superlattices and Microstructures 33 (5-6), pp. 347-356.
A method is introduced which makes it possible to fabricate non-planar two-dimensional electron gases. Making use of the “epitaxial lift-off” process, patterned, gated and contacted heterostructures are transferred from their crystalline substrate onto small glass tubes with diameters of a few millimeters. The transport properties of two-dimensional electron gases inside these curved semiconductor films are characterized by low-temperature magnetoresistance measurements. In the longitudinal resistance we find weak Shubnikov–de Haas oscillations, which are periodic in B−1. The transverse resistance exhibits well-developed quantum Hall plateaus at low magnetic fields. At high fields, we observe a pronounced breakdown of the Hall effect. The experimental results are compared with simple theoretical models.