Ihn, Thomas and Fuhrer, A. and Ensslin, Klaus and Wegscheider, Werner and Bichler, Max
Spin effects in a quantum ring.
Physica E Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 26 (1-4), pp. 225-230.
Recent experiments that are reviewed explore the spin states of a ring-shaped many-electron quantum dot. Coulomb-blockade spectroscopy is used to access the spin degree of freedom. The Zeeman effect observed for states with successive electron number allows to select possible sequences of spin ground states of the ring. Spin-paired orbital levels can be identified by probing their response to magnetic fields normal to the plane of the ring and electric fields caused by suitable gate voltages. This narrows down the choice of ground-state spin sequences. A gate-controlled singlet–triplet transition is identified and the size of the exchange interaction matrix element is determined.