Schling, Petra and Rudolph, Christian and Heimerl, Susanne and Fruth, Sabine and Schmitz, Gerd (2006) Expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha and its receptors during cellular differentiation. Cytokine 33 (5), pp. 239-245.
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Other URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2006.02.007
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine also involved in cellular differentiation processes. TNFalpha and both of its receptors (TNFR1 and TNFR2) can be co-expressed on the same cell, allowing for local signaling. This study has examined the expression of all components necessary for autocrine cytokine regulation during human hematopoietic, epithelial, and mesenchymal models of cellular differentiation. Macrophage and dendritic differentiation of human peripheral blood monocytes decreased their TNFalpha and TNFR2 expression while increasing the TNFR1 mRNA. In colon epithelial cell lines (HT-29 and Caco-2) TNFalpha-, TNFR1-, and TNFR2-expression was decreased upon differentiation. No changes, however, were seen during human skin keratinocyte differentiation. TNFR1 expression was unchanged in all three mesenchymal lineages (adipogenesis, chondrogenesis, osteogenesis) tested. Differentiation decreases the TNFalpha message in adipocytes and the TNFR2 mRNA in adipocytes and osteocytes. Our results demonstrate that there is no general principle for TNFalpha signaling during conversion of cells from progenitor to a more differentiated phenotype. Paracrine signaling by TNFalpha to orchestrate different cell types during tissue development and remodeling, therefore, probably overrides the autocrine regulation of differentiation by TNFalpha. Non-signaling TNF-receptors may protect chondrocytes and osteocytes from the anti-differentiation effects of local TNFalpha production.
|Date:||7 March 2006|
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Klinische Chemie und Laboratoriumsmedizin|
|Keywords:||Adipocyte; Chondrocyte; Epithelial cell; Osteocyte; Peripheral blood monocyte|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||05 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:52|