Wachs, Frank-Peter and Winner, Beate and Couillard-Despres, Sebastien and Schiller, Thorsten and Aigner, Robert and Winkler, Jürgen and Bogdahn, Ulrich and Aigner, Ludwig (2006) Transforming growth factor-beta1 is a negative modulator of adult neurogenesis. Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology 65 (4), pp. 358-370.
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Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 has multiple functions in the adult central nervous system (CNS). It modulates inflammatory responses in the CNS and controls proliferation of microglia and astrocytes. In the diseased brain, TGF-beta1 expression is upregulated and, depending on the cellular context, its activity can be beneficial or detrimental regarding regeneration. We focus on the role of TGF-beta1 in adult neural stem cell biology and neurogenesis. In adult neural stem and progenitor cell cultures and after intracerebroventricular infusion, TGF-beta1 induced a long-lasting inhibition of neural stem and progenitor cell proliferation and a reduction in neurogenesis. In vitro, although TGF-beta1 specifically arrested neural stem and progenitor cells in the G0/1 phase of the cell cycle, it did not affect the self-renewal capacity and the differentiation fate of these cells. Also, in vivo, TGF-beta1 did not influence the differentiation fate of newly generated cells as shown by bromo-deoxyuridine incorporation experiments. Based on these data, we suggest that TGF-beta1 is an important signaling molecule involved in the control of neural stem and progenitor cell proliferation in the CNS. This might have potential implications for neurogenesis in a variety of TGF-beta1-associated CNS diseases and pathologic conditions.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Neurologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||22 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:52|