Lippert, E. and Falk, W. and Bataille, F. and Kaehne, T. and Naumann, M. and Goeke, M. and Herfarth, H. and Schoelmerich, J. and Rogler, G. (2007) Soluble galectin-3 is a strong, colonic epithelial-cell-derived, lamina propria fibroblast-stimulating factor. Gut 56 (1), pp. 43-51.
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Other URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gut.2005.081646
BACKGROUND: Colonic lamina propria fibroblasts (CLPFs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of fibrosis and strictures in Crohn's disease. AIM: To identify colonic epithelial cell (CEC)-derived factors that activate CLPFs. METHODS: Primary human CECs and CLPFs were isolated from control mucosa and interleukin 8 (IL8) of CLPF cultures was quantified by ELISA. Activation of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) was shown, and translocation of NF-kappaB was inhibited by a dominant-negative IkappaB-expressing adenovirus. The major CLPF-activating and IL8 inducing protein was purified using fast-performance liquid chromatography (HiPrep 16/60 Sephacryl S-200 High Resolution Column) and sodium dodecyl sulphate gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: A considerable increase in IL8 secretion by CLPFs cultured in CEC-conditioned media compared with that in unconditioned media (155.00 (10.00) pg/microg v 1.434 (0.695) pg/microg) was found. The effect of CEC-conditioned media on CLPF IL8 secretion was NF-kappaB dependent. A protein or DNA array confirmed the involvement of NF-kappaB and activator protein-1. Purification of a candidate band isolated with the use of sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and subsequent sequencing showed soluble galectin-3 to be a strong CLPF-activating factor. Depletion of galectin-3 from conditioned media by immunoprecipitation abolished the CLPF stimulatory effect. CONCLUSIONS: Using a classical biochemical approach, soluble galectin-3 was identified as a strong activator of CLPFs produced by CEC. Galectin-3 induced NF-kappaB activation and IL8 secretion in these cells and may be a target for future therapeutic approaches to reduce or avoid stricture formation.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||22 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:52|