Minuth, T. and Frey, G. and Lindner, P. and Rachel, Reinhard and Stetter, Karl Otto and Jaenicke, R. (1998) Recombinant homo- and hetero-oligomers of an ultrastable chaperonin from the archaeon Pyrodictium occultum show chaperone activity in vitro. European journal of biochemistry / FEBS 258 (2), pp. 837-845.
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The archaeon Pyrodictium occultum is one of the most thermophilic organisms presently known. Previous experiments provided support for the significant contribution of a high-molecular-mass protein complex to the extreme thermotolerance of P. occultum. This protein complex, the 'thermosome', is composed of two subunits, alpha and beta, which form a hexadecameric double ring complex. In order to obtain the thermosome in amounts sufficient for structural and functional investigations, we produced the two subunits jointly and separately in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). In all three cases, we isolated soluble, high-molecular-mass double-ring complexes from E. coli BL21(DE3). On electron micrographs, the recombinant complexes were indistinguishable from each other and from the natural thermosome. To characterize the quaternary structure of the recombinant particles, we used native gel electrophoresis, analytical gel filtration, and analytical ultracentrifugation. Spectral analysis, using absorption, fluorescence emission and far-UV circular dichroism spectroscopy were applied to compare the three recombinant protein complexes with the natural thermosome from P. occultum. All three recombinant complex species exhibit ATPase activity. Furthermore, we could demonstrate that the recombinant complexes slow down the aggregation of citrate synthase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and insulin. Thus, we conclude that the recombinant protein complexes exhibit a chaperone-like activity, interacting with non-native proteins; they do so at temperatures far below the lower physiological limit of growth.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biochemie, Genetik und Mikrobiologie > Lehrstuhl für Mikrobiologie > Prof. Dr. Michael Thomm|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||03 Mar 2010 07:53|
|Last Modified:||03 Mar 2010 07:53|