Kurtz, Armin and Schweda, Frank (2006) Osmolarity-induced renin secretion from kidneys: evidence for readily releasable renin pools. American Journal of Physiology: Renal Physiology 290 (4), F797-F805.
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Our study aimed to characterize the influence of changes in extracellular osmolarity on renin secretion from the whole kidney. For this purpose, the osmolarity of the perfusion medium of isolated rat or mouse kidneys was either decreased by lowering the NaCl concentration by 20% or was increased up to 133% by the addition of various salts or sugars. It turned out that changes in osmolarity led to instantaneous transient changes followed by a plateau of renin secretion, in that increases in osmolarity stimulated renin secretion, whereas decreases attenuated renin secretion. The peak amplitude of changes in renin secretion was related to steady-state renin secretion rates before the osmotic challenge but was independent of the maneuver used to modulate steady-state renin secretion. Osmolarity-induced changes in renin secretion were more related to relative rather than to absolute changes in osmolarity and were not dependent on the formation of nitric oxide or of prostanoids and did not require Na-K-2Cl cotransport function or swelling-activated chloride channels. Moreover, we obtained evidence that the pool of renin secretion excitable by hyperosmolarity is exhaustible and that its complete refilling takes at least 2 min. The observed behavior of renin secretion fits the concept about exocytosis proposing the existence of different pools of committed secretory vesicles, which have not yet undergone the final modification for initiation of exocytosis. Probably, a pool of readily releasable vesicles determines steady-state secretion rates from kidneys.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin II|
Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Physiologie
|Keywords:||isolated, perfused kidney; renin release; exocytosis|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||12 Jul 2006|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:22|