Claren, Jörg and Malisi, Christoph and Höcker, Birte and Sterner, Reinhard (2009) Establishing wild-type levels of catalytic activity on natural and artificial (beta alpha)8-barrel protein scaffolds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106 (10), pp. 3704-9.
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The generation of high levels of new catalytic activities on natural and artificial protein scaffolds is a major goal of enzyme engineering. Here, we used random mutagenesis and selection in vivo to establish a sugar isomerisation reaction on both a natural (beta alpha)(8)-barrel enzyme and a catalytically inert chimeric (beta alpha)(8)-barrel scaffold, which was generated by the recombination of 2 (beta alpha)(4)-half barrels. The best evolved variants show turnover numbers and substrate affinities that are similar to those of wild-type enzymes catalyzing the same reaction. The determination of the crystal structure of the most proficient variant allowed us to model the substrate sugar in the novel active site and to elucidate the mechanistic basis of the newly established activity. The results demonstrate that natural and inert artificial protein scaffolds can be converted into highly proficient enzymes in the laboratory, and provide insights into the mechanisms of enzyme evolution.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Reinhard Sterner|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Partially|
|Deposited On:||19 Mar 2010 11:10|
|Last Modified:||19 Mar 2010 11:10|