Höcker, Birte and Schmidt, Steffen and Sterner, Reinhard (2002) A common evolutionary origin of two elementary enzyme folds. FEBS letters 510 (3), pp. 133-5.
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The (beta alpha)(8)-barrel is the most frequent and most versatile fold among enzymes [Höcker et al., Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 12 (2001) 376-381; Wierenga, FEBS Lett. 492 (2001) 193-198]. Structural and functional evidence suggests that (beta alpha)(8)-barrels evolved from an ancestral half-barrel, which consisted of four (beta alpha) units stabilized by dimerization [Lang et al., Science 289 (2000) 1546-550; Höcker et al., Nat. Struct. Biol. 8 (2001) 32-36; Gerlt and Babbitt, Nat. Struct. Biol. 8 (2001) 5-7]. Here, by performing a comprehensive database search, we detect a striking and unexpected structural and amino acid sequence similarity between (beta alpha)(4) half-barrels and members of the (beta alpha)(5) flavodoxin-like fold. These findings provoke the hypothesis that a large fraction of the modern-day enzymes evolved from a basic structural building block, which can be identified by a combination of sequence and structural analyses.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Reinhard Sterner|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||22 Mar 2010 08:37|
|Last Modified:||22 Mar 2010 08:37|