Pfeil, W. and Gesierich, U. and Kleemann, G. R. and Sterner, Reinhard (1997) Ferredoxin from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima is stable beyond the boiling point of water. Journal of molecular biology 272 (4), pp. 591-6.
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Heat-stable proteins from hyperthermophilic microorganisms are ideally suited for investigating protein stability and evolution. We measured with differential scanning calorimetry and optical absorption spectroscopy the thermal stability of [4Fe-4S] ferredoxin from Thermotoga maritima (tfdx), which is a small electron transfer protein. The results are consistent with two-state unfolding at the record denaturation temperature of 125 degrees C. According to the crystal structure at 1.75 A resolution, T. maritima ferredoxin contains a significantly increased number of hydrogen bonds that involve charged amino acid side-chains, compared to thermolabile ferredoxins. Thus, our results suggest that polar interactions substantially contribute to protein stability at very high temperatures. Moreover, because small [4Fe-4S] ferredoxins seem to have occurred early in evolution, the extreme thermostability of tfdx supports the hypothesis that life originated at high temperatures.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Reinhard Sterner|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||22 Mar 2010 09:13|
|Last Modified:||22 Mar 2010 09:52|