Ho, A. D. and Del Valle, F. and Engelhard, M. and Hiddemann, W. and Rückle, H. and Schlimok, G. and Haas, R. and Thiel, E. and Andreesen, Reinhard and Fiedler, W. (1990) Mitoxantrone/high-dose Ara-C and recombinant human GM-CSF in the treatment of refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A pilot study. Cancer 66 (3), pp. 423-30.
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Previous study has shown that the combination of mitoxantrone (Novantrone, NO) and Ara-C (AC) (NOAC) was active in refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) but myelosuppression was dose-limiting. In a pilot study, we investigated the effects of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) after NOAC chemotherapy in patients with refractory NHL. NO was applied at a dosage of 10 mg/m2/day on days 2 and 3 and AC at 3 g/m2/12h on days 1 and 2. RhGM-CSF was administered at 250 ug/m2/day as a continuous i.v. infusion from day 6 until the neutrophils were greater than 3.0/nl for 3 consecutive days. Twenty-three patients from five of the nine participating centers were treated with NOAC chemotherapy plus rhGM-CSF, whereas 14 patients from the other four centers received chemotherapy alone. With rhGM-CSF, the median duration of severe neutropenia (less than 0.5/nl) after NOAC was 8 days versus a median of 13 days without rhGM-CSF (P = 0.0058), and that of thrombocytopenia (less than 20.0/nl), 3 days versus 7 days (P greater than 0.4, NS). The rates of infections and stomatitis were 25% and 17%, respectively, for patients treated with rhGM-CSF as compared to 53% (P = 0.0547, NS) and 60% (P = 0.0078), respectively, without rhGM-CSF. The following side effects were associated with the administration of rhGM-CSF: pleural and/or pericardial effusions in five patients, thrombosis in two patients, bone pain in two patients, and respiratory distress syndrome in one patient. A complete remission was achieved in nine of the 23 patients treated with NOAC plus rhGM-CSF, and in two of the 14 patients treated with chemotherapy alone. The median survival of patients treated with rhGM-CSF was not reached at 400 days and seemed to be longer than that of patients treated with chemotherapy alone (median, 109 days; P = 0.036). RhGM-CSF after chemotherapy can be applied safely to patients with NHL, shorten the period of severe cytopenia, reduce the rates of stomatitis, and did not seem to cause adverse effects on response.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||14 Apr 2010 07:30|
|Last Modified:||14 Apr 2010 07:30|
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