Kreutz, Marina and Krause, S. W. and Hennemann, B. and Rehm, A. and Andreesen, Reinhard
Macrophage heterogeneity and differentiation: defined serum-free culture conditions induce different types of macrophages in vitro.
Research in immunology 143 (1), pp. 107-115.
Macrophages (MAC) are important effector cells of the immune system. They arise from circulating blood monocytes (MO), which undergo further maturation upon leaving the vasculature and migrating into the various tissues and body cavities. A similar differentiation process can be followed in vitro when monocytes are cultured in the presence of serum. In this study, different factors and serum proteins, either alone or in combination, were tested for their ability to promote the survival and/or maturation of blood MO in the absence of serum. Elutriation-purified MO cultured for 8 days on hydrophobic teflon foils in the presence of 5% human serum differentiated into large, well-spread MAC, whereas in the absence of serum, MO rapidly died. The serum-induced maturation of MAC was accompanied by a strong expression of CD16, CD14 and MAX antigens. Secretion of TNF-alpha and neopterin increased about 10-fold as compared with freshly isolated MO. The replacement of serum by either M-CSF (100 ng/ml) or immunoglobulin (0.5-5 mg/ml) had a marked effect on MO survival (about 50% of serum-cultured MO), but cells were smaller, less spread out and had low expression of CD16, CD14 and MAX antigens. Their functional competence in terms of TNF-alpha and neopterin release was reduced to 10-20% as compared with MAC cultured in the presence of serum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Cell Differentiation/drug effects||MESH|
|Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||14 Apr 2010 05:19|
|Last Modified:||13 Sep 2011 14:43|