Krause, Stefan W and Neumann, Christine and Soruri, Afasaneh and Mayer, Stephanie and Peters, J. Hinrich and Andreesen, Reinhard (2002) The treatment of patients with disseminated malignant melanoma by vaccination with autologous cell hybrids of tumor cells and dendritic cells. Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997) 25 (5), pp. 421-8.
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Malignant melanoma has been shown to be susceptible to T cell-mediated immunity and, therefore, is a candidate for vaccination approaches. Clinical trials using dendritic cells (DC) loaded with peptides corresponding to tumor antigens are ongoing in several institutions, and some promising results have already been published. However, every single peptide-based vaccine can only be used in a patient with a given single HLA type, and this strategy is not appropriate for patients with rare HLA types or with tumors without defined antigens. A clinical pilot study in patients with disseminated melanoma refractory to standard therapy was initiated using a different approach. The authors generated autologous monocyte-derived DC and fused these DC with gamma-irradiated primary autologous tumor cells by incubation in polyethylene glycol. In previous experiments, the authors had shown that these fused cell products are potent inducers of a T-cell response in a mixed lymphocyte tumor cell culture. Seventeen patients were immunized with the cell product by s.c. injection in monthly intervals without any serious side effects. Of these patients, one had a partial response with decrease in size of all evaluable tumor manifestations. In one patient, some of the metastases were regressing despite an overall progressive disease, and one patient achieved disease stabilization for six months. In the responding patient, in parallel to tumor regression, circumscript hair depigmentation occurred. These data show, that a hybrid vaccine of DC and tumor cells can be safely applied and can induce tumor regressions, however, the clinical efficacy of the approach in its present form is insufficient.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2010 05:10|
|Last Modified:||15 Apr 2010 05:10|