Meidenbauer, Norbert and Marienhagen, Joerg and Laumer, Monika and Vogl, Sandra and Heymann, Jana and Andreesen, Reinhard and Mackensen, Andreas (2003) Survival and tumor localization of adoptively transferred Melan-A-specific T cells in melanoma patients. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 170 (4), pp. 2161-9.
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Adoptive T cell therapy has been successfully used for treatment of viral and malignant diseases. However, little is known about the fate and trafficking of transferred Ag-specific T cells. Using the tetramer (TM) technology which allows for detection and quantification of Ag-specific CTL, we assessed the frequency of circulating Melan-A-specific CTL in advanced melanoma patients during adoptive T cell therapy. Melan-A-specific CTL were generated from HLA-A2.1(+) patients by in vitro stimulation of CD8(+) T cells with dendritic cells pulsed with a mutated HLA-A2-binding Melan-A (ELAGIGILTV) peptide. Eight patients received three infusions of 0.25-11 x 10(8) Melan-A-specific CTL i.v. at 2-wk intervals along with low-dose IL-2. The transferred T cell product contained a mean of 42.1% Melan-A-TM(+) CTL. Before therapy, the frequencies of Melan-A-specific CTL in patients' circulating CD8(+) T cells ranged from 0.01 to 0.07%. Characterization of the TM frequencies before and at different time points after transfer revealed an increase of circulating Melan-A-specific CTL up to 2%, correlating well with the number of transferred CTL. An elevated frequency of TM(+) T cells was demonstrated up to 14 days after transfer, suggesting long-term survival and/or proliferation of transferred CTL. Combining TM analysis with a flow cytometry-based cytokine secretion assay, unimpaired production of IFN-gamma was demonstrated in vivo for at least 24 h after transfer. Indium-111 labeling of Melan-A-specific CTL demonstrated localization of transferred CTL to metastatic sites as early as 48 h after injection. Overall, the results suggest that in vitro-generated Melan-A-specific CTL survive intact in vivo for several weeks and localize preferentially to tumor.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||20 Apr 2010 05:49|
|Last Modified:||20 Apr 2010 05:49|