Gerbitz, Armin and Ewing, Patricia and Olkiewicz, Krystyna and Willmarth, Nicole E. and Williams, Debra and Hildebrandt, Gerhard and Wilke, Andrea and Liu, Chen and Eissner, Günther and Andreesen, Reinhard and Holler, Ernst and Guo, Renfeng and Ward, Peter A. and Cooke, Kenneth R. (2005) A role for CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1) in leukocyte recruitment to the lung during the development of experimental idiopathic pneumonia syndrome. Transplantation 79 (5), pp. 536-42.
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BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a frequently fatal complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). IPS is associated with elevated bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and lipopolysaccharide, both of which are potent activators of endothelial cells (ECs). EC expression of the adhesion molecule CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule [ICAM]-1) has been shown to be a major regulator of pulmonary inflammation in various experimental models. METHODS: Using a well-established murine BMT system in which lung injury and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) are induced by minor histocompatibility antigenic differences between donor and host, the RNase Protection Assay, mice deficient in ICAM-1 expression, and a monoclonal blocking antibody to ICAM, we evaluated the role of the pulmonary vascular expression of CD54 in the development of IPS. RESULTS: Enhanced pulmonary vascular expression of ICAM-1 coincided with the development of IPS. When ICAM-1 -/- mice were used as allogeneic BMT recipients, IPS severity (measured by lung histopathology, BAL cellularity, and cytokine expression) was significantly reduced compared with wild-type controls. Similar results were also observed when wild-type recipients were treated with a monoclonal blocking antibody to ICAM-1. Surprisingly, ICAM-1 had differential effects on leukocyte infiltration into GvHD target organs; ICAM-1 deficiency had no impact on intestinal histopathology, whereas ICAM-1-/- BMT recipients had significantly enhanced hepatic injury. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that although the expression of ICAM-1 is critical for the development of IPS, different mechanisms of leukocyte recruitment are operative in other GvHD target organs.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||20 Apr 2010 05:22|
|Last Modified:||20 Apr 2010 05:22|