Hoffmann, Petra and Eder, Ruediger and Boeld, Tina J and Doser, Kristina and Piseshka, Biserka and Andreesen, Reinhard and Edinger, Matthias (2006) Only the CD45RA+ subpopulation of CD4+CD25high T cells gives rise to homogeneous regulatory T-cell lines upon in vitro expansion. Blood 108 (13), pp. 4260-7.
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Thymus-derived CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells suppress autoreactive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and thereby protect from autoimmunity. In animal models, adoptive transfer of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells has been shown to prevent and even cure autoimmune diseases as well as pathogenic alloresponses after solid organ and stem-cell transplantations. We recently described methods for the efficient in vitro expansion of human regulatory T cells for clinical applications. We now demonstrate that only CCR7- and L-selectin (CD62L)-coexpressing cells within expanded CD4+ CD25high T cells maintain phenotypic and functional characteristics of regulatory T cells. Further analysis revealed that these cells originate from CD45RA+ naive cells within the CD4+ CD25high T-cell compartment, as only this subpopulation homogeneously expressed CD62L, CCR7, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), produced no inflammatory cytokines and maintained robust suppressive activity after expansion. In contrast, cell lines derived from CD45RA- memory-type CD4+ CD25high T cells lost expression of lymph node homing receptors CCR7 and CD62L, contained interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) as well as IL-10-secreting cells, showed only moderate suppression and, most importantly, did not maintain FOXP3 expression. Based on these unexpected findings, we suggest that isolation and expansion of CD45RA+ naive CD4+ CD25high T cells is the best strategy for adoptive regulatory T (Treg)-cell therapies.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||20 Apr 2010 09:37|
|Last Modified:||20 Apr 2010 09:37|