Schlitt, Hans-Jürgen and Schwinzer, R. and Wonigeit, K.
Different activation states of human lymphocytes after antibody-mediated stimulation via CD3 and the alpha/beta T-cell receptor.
Scandinavian journal of immunology 32 (6), pp. 717-726.
BMA031 is an IgG2b antibody directed towards the human alpha/beta T-cell receptor that is able to induce proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells independent of antibody crosslinking. The proliferative response to BMA031 during the first 3 days of culture is usually of similar magnitude to that induced by the IgG2a CD3 antibody OKT3 but decreases quickly afterwards. Stimulation by BMA031 induces no measurable IL-2 release, very low expression of the IL-2 receptor, and does not trigger cytotoxic effector function. However, cross-linking of the antibody or addition of IL-2 leads to enhanced and prolonged proliferation, strong IL-2 receptor expression, and cytotoxic activity, features that are usually found after stimulation by the IgG2a CD3 antibody OKT3 in soluble form. The stimulatory effect of BMA031 cannot be diminished by IL-2 receptor blocking, whereas stimulation by OKT3 is strongly reduced. Moreover, proliferation induced by BMA031 has lower sensitivity to inhibition by ciclosporin than OKT3. From these results two major conclusions can be drawn: (1) an IL-2-independent way of activation may be important for the short-term proliferation of the T cells stimulated by BMA031 and (2) after stimulation by BMA031, cells reach a state of activation that is different from that induced by OKT3. These differences are most likely related to the different specificities of the antibodies, alpha/beta TcR versus CD3, suggesting that different activation signals are triggered via CD3 and via the alpha/beta TcR.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Chirurgie|
|Antibodies, Monoclonal/diagnostic use||MESH|
|Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/physiology||MESH|
|Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/physiology||MESH|
|Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||10 May 2010 12:26|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 22:28|