Grimm, D. and Bauer, J. and Kromer, E. and Steinbach, P. and Riegger, G. and Hofstädter, Ferdinand (1995) Human follicular and papillary thyroid carcinoma cells interact differently with human venous endothelial cells. Thyroid 5 (3), pp. 155-164.
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Follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC) characteristically spread via blood vessels, while papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) predominantly metastasize to lymph nodes. This different behavior of cancer cells originating from one organ was investigated by layering multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) consisting of various kinds of human thyroid cells onto confluent monolayers of human venous endothelial cells (HEC). The MCTS and HEC were cocultured in an incubation chamber fixed under a microscope, and the behavior of the cells was investigated. In this way significant differences between FTC, PTC, and follicular adenoma cells (FTA) were observed regarding their in vitro behavior upon interaction with HEC. FTC cells required 20 min for adhesion and another hour until they migrated out of a spheroid, whereas PTC- and FTA-MCTS were adhesive after 2 h or later, and their cells did not start migration until 5 h of incubation. Furthermore, one FTC-spheroid triggered about 100 endothelial cells to enter the replication cycle, while no spheroid consisting of either PTC or FTA cells induced more than 20 endothelial cells to start proliferation. During these processes, the cells of the MCTS and the endothelial cells contacted each other directly and remained viable. The results show that FTC cells interact faster and more intensively with human endothelial cells than PTC and FTA cells. Thus the study suggests that an enhanced capability of the FTC cells to interact with venous endothelial cells might favor the clinically observed hematogenous spreading of follicular thyroid carcinomas.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Pathologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||14 Jun 2010 06:19|
|Last Modified:||14 Jun 2010 06:19|