Schönberger, Johann and Rüschoff, J. and Grimm, Daniela and Marienhagen, Jörg and Rümmele, Petra and Meyringer, Rotraud and Kossmehl, Peter and Hofstaedter, Ferdinand and Eilles, Christoph (2002) Glucose transporter 1 gene expression is related to thyroid neoplasms with an unfavorable prognosis: an immunohistochemical study. Thyroid 12 (9), pp. 747-754.
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PURPOSE: An accelerated rate of glucose metabolism mediated by overexpression of key regulatory glycolytic enzymes and glucose transporters is among the most characteristic biochemical marker of malignant transformed cells. In thyroid neoplasms, however, an increased uptake of glucose [measured by 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) and positron emission tomography (PET)] seems to be restricted to more aggressive and high-grade tumors, whereas tumors with favorable prognosis demonstrate no significant tracer uptake. We therefore studied the expression of glucose transporters in thyroid carcinomas with different grades of malignancy. METHODS: Sections of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue obtained from 45 patients with thyroid cancer (5 anaplastic, 20 papillary and 20 follicular tumors) were investigated. Polyclonal rabbit antiglucose transporter antibodies, reactive with glucose transporters 1-5 (GLUT1-5), were used after heat pretreatment of the sections. Staining was performed by the avidin-biotin conjugate immunoperoxidase reaction and evaluated semiquantitatively. RESULTS: Expression of GLUT1 transporter on the cell membrane was closely related to the grade of malignancy in thyroid neoplasms (Fisher exact test p < 0.05). All anaplastic tumors showed a high level of GLUT1 expression in the cytoplasm and on the cell membrane. Positive membranous staining in differentiated tumors was detected predominantly in neoplasms with unfavorable prognosis, e.g., in widely invasive follicular or metastatic tumors, whereas low or no immunoreactivity could be seen in well-differentiated tumors or in normal thyroid epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that overexpression of GLUT1 on the cell membrane of thyroid neoplasms is closely related to tumors demonstrating a more aggressive biological behavior. Therefore, determination of GLUT1 expression in thyroid cancer tissue may be a prognostic marker, and FDG-PET may be a helpful technique in identifying patients at a higher risk.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Pathologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||18 Jun 2010 08:50|
|Last Modified:||18 Jun 2010 08:50|