Woenckhaus, Matthias and Stoehr, Robert and Dietmaier, Wolfgang and Wild, Peter J. and Zieglmeier, Ulrike and Foerster, Julia and Merk, Johannes and Blaszyk, Hagen and Pfeifer, Michael and Hofstaedter, Ferdinand and Hartmann, Arndt (2003) Microsatellite instability at chromosome 8p in non-small cell lung cancer is associated with lymph node metastasis and squamous differentiation. International journal of oncology 23 (5), pp. 1357-1363.
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Genetic alterations at chromosome arm 8p are associated with advanced disease and poor patient outcome in several types of malignant tumors. We studied the frequency of microsatellite instability (MSI) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 8p in early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of 47 patients with stage I or II disease (25 squamous cell carcinomas and 22 adenocarcinomas). Microsatellite analysis was performed after laser microdissection using 5 polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers and 4 dinucleotide markers at chromosome 8p. A pentanucleotide repeat marker at the chromosomal locus 17p13.1 (TP53.Alu) was also analyzed. Expression of the mismatch repair (MMR) proteins hMSH2, hMSH6 and hMLH1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Microsatellite instability (MSI) in at least 2 markers was detected in 9 of 47 patients (19.1%) and was predominantly found at tetranucleotide repeats. Sixteen of 47 (34.0%) NSCLC demonstrated LOH at chromosome 8p. All MSI-positive tumors showed normal expression of the MMR proteins. The presence of MSI at chromosome 8p was associated with lymph node metastasis (p=0.02), squamous differentiation (8/25; 32%-p=0.03), and the presence of LOH at the p53 locus (p=0.06). None of the other investigated clinical, pathologic or molecular factors correlated with MSI. Our study showed that an elevated MSI at selected tetranucleotide sequences (EMAST) on chromosome 8p is frequent in early stage squamous cell carcinomas of the lung with lymphatic spread. The tetranucleotide marker panel used in this study was able to indicate lymph node metastasis and high risk disease in patients with resectable squamous cell lung cancer.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Pathologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||18 Jun 2010 10:23|
|Last Modified:||18 Jun 2010 10:23|
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