Lehle, Karla and Hoenicka, Markus and Jacobs, Volker R and Schmid, Franz X and Birnbaum, Dietrich E (2005) Cryopreservation of human endothelial cells for vascular tissue engineering. Cryobiology 50 (2), pp. 154-61.
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To investigate the influence of cryopreservation on endothelial cell growth, morphology, and function human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were frozen following a standard protocol. Cell suspensions were exposed to 10% dimethyl sulfoxide in a high-potassium solution, cooled to -80 degrees C at 1 degrees C/min and stored in liquid nitrogen for 7-36 days. Samples were thawed in a 37 degrees C water bath and the cryoprotectant was removed by serial dilution. The growth of cell suspensions was assayed by culturing 7300 cells/cm2 for 3-5 days in order to determine the cell multiplication factor. Fresh and cryopreserved/thawed cells were analyzed for their growth, and their anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant function by using cellular ELISA. Cryopreservation resulted in a retrieval of 66 +/- 5% and a viability of 79 +/- 3%. Cryopreserved/thawed and fresh cells showed identical doubling times and identical cell counts in the confluent monolayers. However, the lag phase of thawed HUVECs was approximately 36 h longer, resulting in significant differences in the cell multiplication factor at 3 and 5 days after seeding. After expansion to a sufficient cell count the lag phases were identical. Fresh and cryopreserved/thawed cells showed comparable anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant activity, as judged by the basal and TNF-induced VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, and thrombomodulin expression. Cryopreserved/thawed and recultivated endothelial cells are suitable for endothelialization of autologous allograft veins. Such tissue-engineered grafts will offer the necessary clinical safety for those patients who lack autologous material.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Herz-, Thorax- und herznahe Gefäßchirurgie|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||07 Jul 2010 06:46|
|Last Modified:||07 Jul 2010 06:46|