Kalbitzer, Hans Robert and Marquetant, R. and Rösch, P. and Schirmer, R H. (1982) The structural isomerisation of human-muscle adenylate kinase as studied by ¹H-nuclear magnetic resonance. European journal of biochemistry= EJB: The FEBS journal 126 (3), pp. 531-536.
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Human muscle adenylate kinase (ATP:AMP phosphotransferase, EC 188.8.131.52.) was studied by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The C-2 and C-4 proton resonances of the active-center histidine His-36 could be identified; the pK of His-36 was determined as 6.1. The pK of His-189 is very low (4.9) although it is located at the surface of the protein. Other resonance lines are discussed in comparison with NMR spectra of porcine adenylate kinase [McDonald et al. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 6947-6954]. A pH-dependent structural isomerization as shown by X-ray crystallography in the pig enzyme [Pai et al. (1977) J. Mol. Biol. 114, 37-45] was not observed for human adenylate kinase in solution. However, the binding of adenosine(5')pentaphospho(5')adenosine (Ap5A), a bisubstrate inhibitor, to adenylate kinase causes an overall change of the NMR spectrum indicative of a large conformational change of the enzyme. The exchange rate (koff) for Ap5A was estimated as 10 s-1 and decreases by addition of Mg2+. On the basis of these values and the known dissociation constant it is likely that the binding of Ap5A is a diffusion-controlled process kon being 10(8) M-1 s-1. In conclusion, the system Ap5A/Mg2+/human adenylate kinase, which has been studied by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction in parallel, is suitable for analyzing the induced fit postulated by Jencks for all kinase-catalyzed reactions.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||02 Sep 2010 08:38|
|Last Modified:||02 Sep 2010 08:38|
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