Hengstenberg, W. and Kohlbrecher, D. and Witt, E. and Kruse, R. and Christiansen, I. and Peters, D. and Pogge von Strandmann, R. and Städtler, P. and Kochanowski, B. and Kalbitzer, Hans Robert (1993) Structure and function of proteins of the phosphotransferase system and of 6-phospho-beta-glycosidases in gram-positive bacteria. FEMS microbiology reviews 12 (1-3), pp. 149-163.
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New information about the proteins of the phosphotransferase system (PTS) and of phosphoglycosidases of homofermentative lactic acid bacteria and related species is presented. Tertiary structures were elucidated from soluble PTS components. They help to understand regulatory processes and PTS function in lactic acid bacteria. A tertiary structure of a membrane-bound enzyme II is still not available, but expression of Gram-positive genes encoding enzymes II can be achieved in Escherichia coli and enables the development of effective isolation procedures which are necessary for crystallization experiments. Considerable progress was made in analysing the functions of structural genes which are in close vicinity of the genes encoding the sugar-specific PTS components, such as the genes encoding the tagatose-6-P pathway and the 6-phospho-beta-glycosidases. These phosphoglycosidases belong to a subfamily of the beta-glycosidase family I among about 300 different glycosidases. The active site nucleophile was recently identified to be Glu 358 in Agrobacterium beta-glucosidase. This corresponds to Glu 375 in staphylococcal and lactococcal 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase. This enzyme is inactivated by mutating Glu 375 to Gln. Diffracting crystals of the lactococcal 6-P-beta-galactosidase allow the elucidation of its tertiary structure which helps to derive the structures for the entire glycosidase family 1. In addition, a fusion protein with 6-phospho-beta-galactosidase and staphylococcal protein A was constructed.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||07 Sep 2010 05:55|
|Last Modified:||07 Sep 2010 05:55|