Zawatzky, R. and Wurmbaeck, H. and Falk, Werner and Homfeld, A.
Endogenous interferon specifically regulates Newcastle disease virus-induced cytokine gene expression in mouse macrophages.
Journal of virology 65 (9), pp. 4839-4846.
In macrophages from inbred mice, the magnitude of the interferon (IFN) response to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection is under genetic control of the If-1 locus, which carries the allele for either high (h) or low (l) IFN production. Here, we report that the activity of genes within the If-1 locus is influenced by macrophage-derived endogenous IFN. In addition to various other biological effects, we observed that endogenous IFN specifically downregulated NDV-induced IFN and interleukin 6 production. Preculture of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) from BALB/c (If-1l) mice in macrophage colony-stimulating factor plus anti-IFN-beta provoked a 30- to 50-fold increase in NDV-induced cytokine production compared with induced control cultures in macrophage colony-stimulating factor alone, whereas only a 4- to 6-fold increase was observed in anti-IFN-beta-treated BMM from C57BL/6 (If-1h) mice. This resulted in nearly complete abrogation of the genetically determined difference in the response to NDV. The increase was specific for NDV and was marked by strong additional activation of IFN-alpha genes. Studies using BMM from B6.C-H28c If-1l congenic mice gave results identical to those obtained with BALB/c BMM. Addition of 20 IU of recombinant IFN-alpha 4 to anti IFN-beta-treated macrophages from B6.C-H28c mice 20 h prior to NDV infection strongly downregulated the IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, and interleukin 6 responses. The genetic difference between macrophages from If-1h and If-1l mice was thus reestablished, since the same treatment caused only weak reduction of NDV-induced cytokine gene expression in BMM from C57BL/6 mice. These data suggest that the If-1h and If-1l alleles harbor IFN-inducible genes that, following activation, specifically suppress subsequent cytokine gene expression in response to NDV.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I|
|Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology||MESH|
|Mice, Inbred Strains||MESH|
|Newcastle disease virus/immunology||MESH|
|Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus/genetics||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||08 Sep 2010 05:18|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 22:36|