Falk, Werner and Stricker, K. and Praast, G. and Tsukitani, Y. and Krammer, P. H. and Stoeck, M.
Activation of the mouse IL-2 gene by okadaic acid: synergy with interleukin-1.
Lymphokine and cytokine research 13 (3), pp. 167-174.
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has potent immunoregulatory and inflammatory functions. Its activity is mediated by an 80-kDa receptor on the cell surface and leads to activation of other genes. The underlying molecular events are largely unknown. We investigated the role of phosphatases in activation of the IL-2 gene in EL4 thymoma cells. We found that the protein phosphatase PP1 and PP2A inhibitor okadaic acid (OA) alone was able to significantly stimulate IL-2 production by the IL-1-responsive EL4 subline EL4 5D3 and also by the IL-1-nonresponsive EL4 subline EL4D6/76. In the IL-1-responsive cell line OA strongly synergized with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and IL-1. In the IL-1-nonresponsive cell line OA synergized with PMA but not with IL-1. Under suboptimal conditions of PMA/OA synergy an additional synergistic effect of IL-1 was shown. This was true for IL-2 and IL-6 production. Sphingomyelinase or sphingosine had no detectable effect. The kinetics of OA- and PMA-induced expression of IL-2 mRNA and IL-2 protein was different. PMA induced maximal expression between 6 and 12 h and was almost undetectable at 24 h. OA-induced expression was first obvious at 12 h and continued longer than 36 h. In both cases IL-1 caused no shift in kinetics, but potentiated the effects of the different tumor promoters. Utilizing IL-2 promoter-CAT constructs we showed in transfection experiments that the synergistic effect was also evident on the transcriptional level. We conclude from the data that phosphatases play an important role for IL-2 expression and that IL-1 can use additional pathways of activation that are different from events induced by PMA or OA.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I|
|Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects||MESH|
|Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects||MESH|
|Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/antagonists & inhibitors||MESH|
|Tumor Cells, Cultured||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||08 Sep 2010 05:12|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 22:36|