Slósarek, G. and Heintz, D. and Kalbitzer, Hans Robert (1994) Mobile segments in rabbit skeletal muscle F-actin detected by ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. FEBS letters 351 (3), pp. 405-410.
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Polymerization of actin by increasing the ionic strength leads to a quenching of almost all 1H NMR signals. Surprisingly, distinct signals with relatively small line widths can still be observed in actin filaments (F-actin) indicating the existence of mobile, NMR visible residues in the macromolecular structure. The intensity of the F-actin spectrum is much reduced if one replaces Mg2+ with Ca2+, and a moderate reduction of the signal intensity can also be obtained by increasing the ionic strength. These results can be explained in a two-state model of the actin promoters with a M- (mobile) state and a I- (immobile) state in equilibrium. In the M-state a number of residues in the actin promoter are mobile and give rise to observable NMR signals. This equilibrium is shifted towards the I-state specifically by replacing Mg2+ with Ca(2+)-ions and unspecifically by addition of monovalent ions such as K+. The binding of phalloidin to its high-affinity site in the filaments does not influence the equilibrium between M- and I-state. Phalloidin itself is completely immobilized in F-actin, its exchange with the solvent being slow on the NMR time scale.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||08 Sep 2010 10:19|
|Last Modified:||08 Sep 2010 10:19|
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