Stumber, Michael and Herrmann, Christian and Wohlgemuth, Sabine and Kalbitzer, Hans Robert and Jahn, Werner and Geyer, Matthias (2002) Synthesis, characterization and application of two nucleoside triphosphate analogues, GTPγNH₂ and GTPγF. European journal of biochemistry (= the FEBS journal) 269 (13), pp. 3270-3278.
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Guanosine triphosphate nucleotide analogues such as GppNHp (also named GMPPNP) or GTPgammaS are widely used to stabilize rapidly hydrolyzing protein-nucleotide complexes and to investigate biochemical reaction pathways. Here we describe the chemical synthesis of guanosine 5'-O-(gamma-amidotriphosphate) (GTPgammaNH(2)) and a new synthesis of guanosine 5'-O-(gamma-fluorotriphosphate) (GTPgammaF). The two nucleotides were characterized using NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry. Chemical shift data on (31)P, (19)F and (1)H NMR resonances are tabulated. For GTPgammaNH(2) the enthalpy of magnesium coordination is DeltaH degrees = 3.9 kcal.mol(-1) and the association constant K(a) is 0.82 mm(-1). The activation energy for GTPgammaNH(2).Mg2+ complex formation is DeltaH++ = 7.8 +/- 0.15 kcal.mol(-1), similar to that for the natural substrate GTP. For GTPgammaF we obtained a similar enthalpy of DeltaH degrees = 3.9 kcal.mol(-1) while the magnesium association constant is only K(a) = 0.2 mm(-1). The application of both guanine nucleotide analogues to the GTP-binding protein Ras was investigated. The rate of hydrolysis of GTPgammaNH(2) bound to Ras protein lay between the rates found for Ras-bound GTPgammaS and GppNHp, while Ras-catalysed hydrolysis of GTPgammaF was almost as fast as for GTP. The two compounds extend the variety of nucleotide analogues and may prove useful in structural, kinetic and cellular studies.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||15 Sep 2010 10:54|
|Last Modified:||15 Sep 2010 10:54|
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