Michiwaki, Y. and Schmelzeisen, R. and Hacki, Tamas and Michi, K.
Articulatory function in glossectomized patients with immediate reconstruction using a free jejunum flap.
Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery 20 (5), pp. 203-10.
Postoperative articulation in 18 glossectomized patients was investigated. The subjects were: 5 cases of tongue tumour, 7 cases of tumour of the anterior part of the floor of the mouth and 6 cases of tumour of the lateral part. A new modification of the Freiburger test for speech audiometry was used as test material. Then the articulatory function was assessed according to an overall score based on 180 monosyllables, the manner of production of 171 initial consonants and the place of production of 85 glossal sounds. The cases of tumour of the tongue and the lateral part of the floor of the mouth had excellent scores in all classes of sounds, which were compatible with the normative data. The subjects of tumour of the anterior part of the floor of the mouth had low overall scores, low scores for plosive and affricative sounds, and very low scores for sounds produced with the rear of the tongue. The relation between the site or amount of resection and subsequent articulation was significantly poor in all categories of sounds for the cases of anterior tumour, particularly in the movement of the posterior portion of the tongue even though it was not involved in the operation. In all groups there was a weak negative relation between the amount of resection and postoperative articulation. In reviewing the literature, reconstruction with a free jejunum flap was considered to lead to better articulation than reconstruction by other techniques. The need to assess postoperative function objectively was stressed, to compare the postoperative functions and to determine the indications for the reconstructive technique.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde|
|Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery||MESH|
|Speech Articulation Tests||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||22 Dec 2010 08:27|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 23:08|