Framme, C. and Flucke, B. and Birngruber, R. (2006) Comparison of reduced and standard light application in photodynamic therapy of the eye in two rabbit models. Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie 244 (7), pp. 773-281.
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Other URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-005-0221-2
BACKGROUND: Current PDT treatment for age-related macular degeneration uses a standard radiant exposure of 50 J/cm(2) at an irradiance of 600 mW/cm(2). However; there is a general problem with the unusually high irradiance; in fact, the rate of photochemical production of singlet oxygen may be limited by insufficiently oxygenized neovascular tissue. It was the aim of this study to evaluate the efficacy of verteporfin (Visudyne) photoactivation to induce thrombosis of choriocapillaries and in experimentally induced corneal neovascularizations in rabbits by varying irradiance and retinal radiant exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The light-dose threshold to induce micro-thrombosis in the choriocapillaries (seven eyes) and in corneal neovascularizations (eight eyes) of Chinchilla-Bastard rabbits using different retinal irradiances (100 and 600 mW/cm(2)) at different radiant exposures (20, 10, 5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.62, and 0.3 J/cm(2)) was evaluated. Induction of neovascularizations was performed 7 days prior to PDT treatment using intracorneal silk sutures. A dose of 2 mg/kg verteporfin was intravenously infused 10 min before standard PDT. The criterion for vascular thrombosis was vessel closure as determined by fluorescein angiography 1 h and 1 day post exposure. RESULTS: Experiments on the choroid revealed vessel closure 1 h after irradiation at ED(50) = 10.8 J/cm(2) (both 600 and 100 mW/cm(2)) and after 24 h at ED(50) = 2.4 J/cm(2) (600 mW/cm(2)) versus 1.8 J/cm(2) (100 mW/cm(2)). Vessel closure was enhanced at irradiation with 100 mW/cm(2). Regarding corneal neovascularizations, vessel thrombosis was observable by dark appearance of irradiated clotted neovascular tissue and angiographically by a lack of leakage at ED(50) thresholds of 0.62 J/cm(2) (1 h) and 0.41 J/cm(2) (1 day) for 100 mW/cm(2) and of 0.99 J/cm(2) (1 h), and 0.67 J/cm(2) (1 day) for 600 mW/cm(2). Thus in both experiments thresholds for vessel closure were reduced by a factor of 1.5 for the lower intensity. Histology revealed more selective vessel occlusion without RPE and photoreceptor damage for 100 mW/cm(2) rather than 600 mW/cm(2) intensity at threshold irradiation. CONCLUSION: Low-intensity PDT with verteporfin for neovascular tissue seems to be more effective than regular high-intensity PDT. Future preclinical trials should address the issue of proper dosimetry for effective PDT in age-related macular degeneration.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Augenheilkunde|
|Keywords:||PDT; AMD; Choroidal neovascularization; Radiant exposure; Threshold|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||30 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 21:05|