Stadler, Peter and Schäfer, Christof and Chaber, Silvia and Putnik, Kurt and Treutwein, Marius and Koelbl, Oliver and Muders, Frank (2006) Clinical Results of Intracoronary Brachytherapy (ICBT) for Multiple In-Stent Restenosis. Strahlenther Onkol 182 (6), pp. 312-317.
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Other URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-006-1488-x
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) alone is often followed by early re-restenosis. The present study focused on the effect of intracoronary brachytherapy (ICBT) on multiple in-stent restenosis (MISR) after repeated PCI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 40 patients (27 male, 13 female, age: 66 +/- 9 years) with MISR (two to six ISRs, median three ISRs) were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated by using the Novoste((R)) Beta-Cathtrade mark 3.5F System after PCI. The target vessel received 18.4-25.3 Gy of radiation at a depth of 2 mm from the center of the source. The restenosis-free survival and overall survival were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis (log-rank). The time interval between last PCI without ICBT and the consecutive recurrence was compared with the follow-up time after PCI with ICBT. RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival rate after ICBT was 93%. The 0.5-, 1-, 2-, and 3-year ISR-free survival rates after PCI + ICBT were 81%, 72%, 52%, and 38%, respectively. After PCI alone, the 0.5-, 1-, and 2-year ISR-free survival rates were 30%, 13%, and 0%, respectively. This difference was highly significant (p < 0.0001). Patients with more than three ISRs before ICBT had a better outcome (3-year ISR-free survival: 80%) than patients with only two or three ISRs before ICBT (3-year ISR-free survival: 25%; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ICBT is highly effective and safe in patients with ISR. The results of this study are in accordance with the WRIST and BETA-WRIST data. After 6 months both studies revealed an ISR-free survival rate of 86% (WRIST) and 66% (BETA-WRIST), respectively. The ISR rates in the own control group (70%) were comparable to the placebo groups in WRIST (68%) and BETA-WRIST (72%). Interestingly, patients with more than three ISRs before ICBT had the lowest ISR rate after ICBT.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Strahlentherapie|
|Keywords:||Percutaneous coronary intervention; PCI; Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; PTCA; Intracoronary brachytherapy; Coronary artery radiation therapy; In-stent restenosis|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||30 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 21:06|