Brunskole, Irena and Strasser, Andrea and Seifert, Roland and Buschauer, Armin (2011) Role of the second and third extracellular loops of the histamine H4 receptor in receptor activation. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 384 (3), pp. 301-317.
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The histamine H4 receptor subtype (H4R) belongs to the class 1 of G protein-coupled receptors and is involved in inflammatory and immunological processes. The aim of this study was to elucidate the importance of extracellular regions for the large species differences between human (h) and canine (c) H4R. Therefore, chimeric receptors were generated by replacing corresponding domains of the hH4R with canine N-terminus (hcNTH4R) and three canine extracellular loops, respectively (hcE1H4R, hcE2H4R and hcE3H4R). Wild-type and chimeric H4 receptors were expressed in Sf9 insect cells and subsequently characterized in [3H]histamine binding experiments and in steady-state GTPase activity assays, where standard H4R ligands histamine, 5-methylhistamine, thioperamide, 1-[(5-chloro-1H-indol-2-yl)carbonyl]-4-methylpiperazine (JNJ7777120) and clozapine were examined. The exchange of N-terminus or first extracellular loop did not influence hH4R pharmacology. The effect of altered second extracellular loop (E2-loop) and third extracellular loop (E3-loop) was rather ligand-specific than agonist/inverse agonist-specific. At hcE3H4R, the potency of histamine and 5-methylhistamine significantly decreased. The efficacy of the inverse agonist thioperamide was strongly reduced at hcE2H4R and hcE3H4R. Surprisingly, JNJ7777120 as weak inverse agonist at hH4R exhibited partial agonistic activity at hcE2H4R and hcE3H4R. Molecular dynamic simulations suggest that the E2- and E3-loops are independently of each other involved in partial/inverse agonism of JNJ7777120 and that E2- as well as E3-loop do not directly interact with JNJ7777120 in the binding pocket. In conclusion, our study indicates an involvement of E2- and E3-loop in H4R activation process after binding of some but not all examined ligands.
|Date:||29 July 2011|
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Projects:||GRK 760, Graduiertenkolleg Medizinische Chemie|
|Keywords:||histamine H4 receptor, Sf9 insect cells, chimeric receptors, extracellular loops, steady-state GTPase assay, JNJ7777120|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||15 Jul 2011 07:15|
|Last Modified:||19 Aug 2011 18:39|