Drzewiecki, Katharina and Angelov, Angel and Ballschmiter, Meike and Tiefenbach, Klaus-Jürgen and Sterner, Reinhard and Liebl, Wolfgang (2010) Hyperthermostable acetyl xylan esterase. Microbial biotechnology 3 (1), pp. 84-92.
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An esterase which is encoded within a Thermotoga maritima chromosomal gene cluster for xylan degradation and utilization was characterized after heterologous expression of the corresponding gene in Escherichia coli and purification of the enzyme. The enzyme, designated AxeA, shares amino acid sequence similarity and its broad substrate specificity with the acetyl xylan esterase from Bacillus pumilus, the cephalosporin C deacetylase from Bacillus subtilis, and other (putative) esterases, allowing its classification as a member of carbohydrate esterase family 7. The recombinant enzyme displayed activity with p-nitrophenyl-acetate as well as with various acetylated sugar substrates such as glucose penta-acetate, acetylated oat spelts xylan and DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide)-extracted beechwood xylan, and with cephalosporin C. Thermotoga maritima AxeA represents the most thermostable acetyl xylan esterase known to date. In a 10 min assay at its optimum pH of 6.5 the enzyme's activity peaked at 90 °C. The inactivation half-life of AxeA at a protein concentration of 0.3 µg µl(-1) in the absence of substrate was about 13 h at 98 °C and about 67 h at 90°C. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis of the thermal stability of AxeA corroborated its extreme heat resistance. A multi-phasic unfolding behaviour was found, with two apparent exothermic peaks at approximately 100-104 °C and 107.5 °C. In accordance with the crystal structure, gel filtration analysis at ambient temperature revealed that the enzyme has as a homohexameric oligomerization state, but a dimeric form was also found.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Reinhard Sterner|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||03 May 2011 05:59|
|Last Modified:||03 May 2011 05:59|