Ho, A. D. and Männel, Daniela N. and Wulf, G. and Kirchner, H. and Gundt, A. and Trede, I. and Rensch, K. and Hunstein, W. (1990) Long-term effects of 2'-deoxycoformycin treatment on cytokine production in patients with hairy cell leukemia. Leukemia 4 (8), pp. 584-589.
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Deoxycoformycin (DCF) has been reported to cause immediate reduction and dysfunction of T lymphocytes, but the long-term effects on immune functions are still not known. As cytokine production is regulated by T helper-inducer lymphocytes and might represent a parameter for functional integrity of immunocompetent cells, we have measured the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interferons (IFN) by peripheral mononuclear cells (PMNC) from 10 patients with hairy cell leukemia 11-24 months after end of therapy with DCF. The patients were in continuous remission at the time of study. Despite an absolute reduction in CD3+ and CD4+ lymphocytes. there were no significant differences in IL-2 or TNF release between patients and controls. Except for a significant reduction in IFN-alpha release stimulated by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), IFN productions induced by other mitogens (phytohemagglutinin, PHA; Concanavalin A, ConA; pokeweed mitogen, PWM) and viral antigens were within normal range. There was also a decrease in proliferative responsiveness to PHA, but responses to ConA, PWM, and other viral antigens were normal. In five of the patients, we have monitored closely the changes in IL-2, TNF, and IFN before, during, and after treatment and could demonstrate a rapid normalization of initially decreased IL-2 release in all cases and also of TNF if the initial production was reduced. This study shows that, even though the absolute number of T lymphocytes and helper cells are reduced in the long-term observation after DCF treatment, the capacity to produce IL-2, TNF, and IFN-gamma was within normal range. Parallel to this observation, no opportunistic infections or frequency of infectious complications occurred in these patients.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Immunologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||20 Jun 2011 06:29|
|Last Modified:||22 Oct 2012 09:29|