Ervens, J. and Seifert, Roland
Molsidomine inhibits the chemoattractant-induced respiratory burst in human neutrophils via a no-independent mechanism.
Biochemical pharmacology 44 (4), pp. 637-644.
3-Morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1) is a NO-releasing compound which mimics the effects of cGMP through activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase. Its prodrug, molsidomine (SIN-10), does not release NO but does modulate various cell functions. These findings prompted us to study the effects of SIN-10 and SIN-1 on the respiratory burst in human neutrophils. SIN-10 was more effective than SIN-1 in inhibiting superoxide anion (O2-) formation induced by N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMet-Leu-Phe) and by C5a. The effects of SIN-1 and SIN-10 on O2- formation were additive or less than additive, indicating the sydnonimines acted through a common mechanism. The sydnonimines showed no effect on O2- formations induced by gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, arachidonic acid and a phorbol ester. They did not inhibit O2- formation induced by xanthine oxidase, by autoxidation of pyrogallol and in a cell-free system from HL-60 leukemic cells. Neutrophils did not convert SIN-10 to SIN-1 as assessed by O2 consumption which accompanies NO release from SIN-1. The cell-permeant analogue of cGMP, N2,2'-O-dibutyryl guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate (Bt2cGMP), and SIN-10 but not SIN-1 inhibited fMet-Leu-Phe-induced O2 consumption. SIN-1 and SIN-10 slightly enhanced agonist binding to formyl peptide receptors, whereas Bt2cGMP was inhibitory. The sydnonimines did not affect GTP hydrolysis of heterotrimeric regulatory guanine nucleotide-binding proteins in HL-60 membranes. SIN-1 but not SIN-10 stimulated ADP-ribosylation of a 39-kDa protein in the cytosol of HL-60 cells. SIN-10 reduced fMet-Leu-Phe-induced rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in neutrophils. These data suggest that SIN-10 inhibits the respiratory burst via a NO-independent mechanism which may involve inhibition of rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration.
|Institutions:|| Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmacology and Toxicology (Prof. Schlossmann formerly Prof. Seifert)|
|Dose-Response Relationship, Drug||MESH|
|Oxygen Consumption/drug effects||MESH|
|Respiratory Burst/drug effects||MESH|
|Tumor Cells, Cultured||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 615 Pharmacy|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||24 Jan 2012 07:55|
|Last Modified:||24 Jan 2012 13:00|