Seifert, Roland and Schächtele, C. and Schultz, Günter
Activation of protein kinase C by cis- and trans-octadecadienoic acids in intact human platelets and its potentiation by diacylglycerol.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 149 (2), pp. 762-768.
Octadecadienoic acids (linoleic acid and linolelaidic acid) and the diacylglycerol, 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-rac-glycerol (OAG) concentration-dependently induced activation of gel-filtered human platelets, i.e. aggregation and phosphorylation of 20 kDa and 47 kDa peptides. In contrast, octadecenoic acids (oleic and elaidic acid) and octadecanoic (stearic) acid were inactive. Octadecadienoic acid-induced platelet activation was suppressed by the protein kinase C inhibitor, polymyxin B, but not by the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin. OAG-induced activation was potentiated by octadecadienoic acids present at non-stimulatory concentrations. Our data suggest that octadecadienoic acids and diacylglycerol synergistically induce platelet activation via protein kinase C. Furthermore, linolelaidic acid may provide a useful experimental tool to study fatty acid regulation of protein kinase C in intact cells.