Seifert, Roland and Schultz, Günter
Reversible activation of NADPH oxidase in membranes of HL-60 human leukemic cells.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 146 (3), pp. 1296-1302.
NADPH oxidase in membranes of undifferentiated and dimethylsulphoxide-differentiated HL-60 cells was activated by arachidonic acid (AA) in the presence of Mg2+ and a cytosolic cofactor (CF) found in differentiated HL-60 cells. Basal superoxide (O2-) formation was enhanced several-fold by addition of the stable GTP-analogue, guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S), prior to AA and was completely prevented by that of GDP. Basal and GTP gamma S-stimulated O2- formation was terminated by GDP. In the presence of Mg2+ or EDTA, basal O2- formation ceased after 25 or 10 min, respectively, and was reinitiated by GTP gamma S or GTP gamma S plus Mg2+. Albumin terminated O2- formation, which was reactivated by AA in the presence of GTP gamma S. Our results show that (1) activation of NADPH oxidase in HL-60 membranes is dependent on endogenous GTP, Mg2+, AA and CF, which is induced during myeloid differentiation, and that (2) NADPH oxidase activation is a reversible process modulated by exogenous guanine nucleotides at various stages of activity of NADPH oxidase. We suggest crucial roles of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins in the activation, deactivation and reactivation of the enzyme.