Seifert, Roland and Rosenthal, W. and Schultz, Günter
Guanine nucleotides stimulate NADPH oxidase in membranes of human neutrophils.
FEBS letters 205 (1), pp. 161-165.
In the chain of events by which chemotactic peptides stimulate NADPH oxidase-catalyzed superoxide formation in human neutrophils, the involvements of a pertussis toxin-sensitive guanine nucleotide-binding protein (N-protein), mobilization of intracellular calcium and protein kinase C stimulation have been proposed. Superoxide formation was studied in membranes from human neutrophils; NADPH oxidase was stimulated by arachidonic acid in the presence of neutrophil cytosol. Fluoride and stable GTP analogues, such as GTP gamma S and GppNHp, which all activate N-proteins, enhanced NADPH oxidase activity up to 4-fold. GDP beta S inhibited the effect of GTP gamma S. These data suggest that NADPH oxidase is regulated by an N-protein, independent of an elevation of the cytoplasmic calcium concentration.