Jansen, Petra and Dahmen-Zimmer, Katharina (2012) Effects of cognitive, motor, and karate training on cognitive functioning and emotional well-being of elderly people. Frontiers in psychology 3, p. 40.
|License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial|
PDF - Published Version
The present study investigated the influence of cognitive, motor, and Karate (accordingly the guidelines of the German-Karate-Federation, DKV) training on the cognitive functioning and mental state of older people between 67 and 93 years of age. The three training groups each consisted of 12 elderly participants; the waiting control group included 9 participants. Before the training, participants were evaluated with cognitive measurements (cognitive speed: number-connection test, number-symbol test; memory performance: digit-span test, blocking-tapping test, figure test) and a measurement of emotional well-being. After this pre-testing they participated the specific training in on average sixteen 1-h training sessions. The cognitive training exercised inductive thinking ability, the motor training worked on easy stretching and mobilization techniques, and the Karate training taught tasks of self-defense, partner training, and Katas. After completion of the training sessions, all tests were applied again. The results show no significant difference in cognitive improvement dependent on group between the three training conditions. However a significant improvement was found in the emotional mental state measurement for the Karate group compared to the waiting control group. This result suggests that the integrated involvement in Karate leads to a feeling of self-worth and that, even in elderly people, integration of new sports helps to improve quality of life.
|Institutions:||Psychology and Pedagogy > Institut für Sportwissenschaft|
|Projects:||Open Access Publizieren (DFG)|
|Keywords:||elderly, physical exercise, cognitive improvement, emotional well-being|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology|
700 Arts & recreation > 796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||11 Apr 2012 09:12|
|Last Modified:||20 Mar 2013 10:54|