Giessibl, Franz J. (2003) Advances in Atomic Force Microscopy. Reviews of Modern Physics (RMP) 75 (3), pp. 949-983.
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This article reviews the progress of atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum, starting with its invention and covering most of the recent developments. Today, dynamic force microscopy allows us to image surfaces of conductors and insulators in vacuum with atomic resolution. The most widely used technique for atomic-resolution force microscopy in vacuum is frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy (FM-AFM). This technique, as well as other dynamic methods, is explained in detail in this article. In the last few years many groups have expanded the empirical knowledge and deepened our theoretical understanding of frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. Consequently spatial resolution and ease of use have been increased dramatically. Vacuum atomic force microscopy opens up new classes of experiments, ranging from imaging of insulators with true atomic resolution to the measurement of forces between individual atoms.
|Institutions:||Physics > Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics > Chair Professor Giessibl > Group Franz J. Giessibl|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 530 Physics|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||13 Jul 2012 08:15|
|Last Modified:||13 Jul 2012 08:15|