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Revealing the hidden atom in graphite by low-temperature atomic force microscopy

Hembacher, Stefan and Giessibl, Franz J. and Mannhart, Jochen and Quate, Calvin F. (2003) Revealing the hidden atom in graphite by low-temperature atomic force microscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) 100 (22), pp. 12539-12542.

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Carbon, the backbone material of life on Earth, comes in three modifications: diamond, graphite, and fullerenes. Diamond develops tetrahedral sp3 bonds, forming a cubic crystal structure, whereas graphite and fullerenes are characterized by planar sp2 bonds. Polycrystalline graphite is the basis for many products of everyday life: pencils, lubricants, batteries, arc lamps, and brushes for ...


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Item type:Article
Date:22 October 2003
Institutions:Physics > Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics > Chair Professor Giessibl > Group Franz J. Giessibl
Projects:BMBF 13N6918
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Dewey Decimal Classification:500 Science > 530 Physics
Refereed:Yes, this version has been refereed
Created at the University of Regensburg:No
Deposited on:13 Jul 2012 08:18
Last modified:06 May 2016 09:46
Item ID:25338
Owner only: item control page


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