Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. and Kliegl, Oliver (2013) The critical role of retrieval processes in release from proactive interference. Journal of Memory and Language 68 (1), pp. 39-53.
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Proactive interference (PI) refers to the �finding that memory for recently studied (target) information can be vastly impaired by the previous study of other (nontarget) information. PI can be reduced in a number of ways, for instance, by directed forgetting of the prior nontarget information, the testing
of the prior nontarget information, or an internal context change before study of the target information. Here we report the results of four experiments, in which we demonstrate that all three forms of release from PI are accompanied by a decrease in participants' response latencies. Because response latency is a sensitive index of the size of participants' mental search set, the results suggest that release from PI can reflect more focused memory search, with the previously studied nontarget items being largely eliminated from the search process. Our results thus provide direct evidence for a critical role of retrieval processes in PI release.
|Additional information (public):||interference, directed forgetting, context change, interpolated testing, latencies|
|Institutions:||Psychology and Pedagogy > Institut für Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Psychologie IV (Entwicklungs- und Kognitionspsychologie) - Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Bäuml|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||27 Jul 2012 10:59|
|Last Modified:||16 Nov 2012 09:09|