Kliegl, Oliver and Pastötter, Bernhard and Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. (2013) List-method directed forgetting can be selective: Evidence from the 3-list and the 2-list tasks. Memory & Cognition 41 (3), pp. 452-464.
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When people are cued to forget previously studied irrelevant information and study new information instead, such cuing typically leads to forgetting of the precue information. But what do people forget if before the forget cue is provided, both irrelevant and relevant information have been encoded? Using relatively short item lists, we examined in a series of 3 experiments whether subjects are able to selectively forget the irrelevant precue information, when relevant and irrelevant precue items were presented subsequently in two separate lists (3-list task), and when the two types of items were presented alternatingly within a single list (2-list task). Selective forgetting of the irrelevant precue items arose in the 3-list task, independent of modality of item presentation and level of discriminability of the precue lists, and it arose in the 2-list task. The findings suggest that, at least with relatively short precue lists, subjects may well be able to selectively forget irrelevant precue information when cued to do so. Implications of the results for theoretical accounts of list-method directed forgetting are discussed.
|Institutions:||Psychology and Pedagogy > Institut für Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Psychologie IV (Entwicklungs- und Kognitionspsychologie) - Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Bäuml|
|Keywords:||episodic memory, forgetting, directed forgetting, selectivity|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||11 Oct 2012 09:43|
|Last Modified:||28 Mar 2013 15:08|