Hofinger, Edith S. A. and Bernhardt, Günther and Buschauer, Armin (2007) Kinetics of Hyal1 and PH-20 hyaluronidases: comparison of minimal substrates and analysis of the transglycosylation reaction. Glycobiology 17 (9), pp. 963-971.
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The availability of recombinant expression systems for the production of purified human hyaluronidases PH-20 and Hyal-1 facilitated the first detailed analysis of the enzymatic reaction products. The human recombinant enzymes, both expressed by Drosophila Schneider-2 (DS-2) cells, were compared to bovine testicular hyaluronidase (BTH), a commercially available hyaluronidase preparation, which has long been considered a prototype of mammalian hyaluronidases. The conversion of low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) fragments was detected by a capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method. Surprisingly, the HA hexasaccharide, which is generally accepted to be the minimum substrate of BTH, was not a substrate of recombinant human PH-20 and Hyal-1. However, HA octasaccharide was converted efficiently by both enzymes, thus representing the minimum substrate for human PH-20 and Hyal-1. Additionally, BTH was shown to catabolize the HA hexasaccharide at pH 4.0 mainly by hydrolysis, while at pH 6.0 transglycosylation prevailed. Human PH-20 was found to catalyze both hydrolysis and transglycosylation of the HA octasaccharide. On the contrary, human Hyal-1 converted the HA octasaccharide mainly by hydrolysis with transglycosylation products occurring only at high substrate concentrations (> or = 500 microM). The differences between the hyaluronidase subtypes and isoenzymes were much more prominent than expected. Obviously, the different hyaluronidase subtypes have evolved into very specialized enzymes with respect to their catalytic mechanism of action.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Projects:||GRK 760, Graduiertenkolleg Medizinische Chemie|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||21 Feb 2008 08:02|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:42|