Bachtold, Adrian and Strunk, Christoph and Salvetat, Jean-Paul and Bonard, Jean-Marc and Forro, Laszlo and Nussbaumer, Thomas and Schönenberger, Christian (1999) Aharonov-Bohm oscillations in carbon nanotubes. Nature 397, pp. 673-675.
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When electrons pass through a cylindrical electrical conductor aligned in a magnetic field, their wave-like nature manifests itself as a periodic oscillation in the electrical resistance as a function of the enclosed magnetic Flux. This phenomenon reflects the dependence of the phase of the electron wave on the magnetic field, known as the Aharonov-Bohm effect, which causes a phase difference, and hence interference, between partial waves encircling the conductor in opposite directions. Such oscillations have been observed in micrometre-sized thin-walled metallic cylinders and lithographically fabricated rings. Carbon nanotubes are composed of individual graphene sheets rolled into seamless hollow cylinders with diameters ranging from 1 nm to about 20 nm. They are able to act as conducting molecular wires, making them ideally suited for the investigation of quantum interference at the single-molecule level caused by the Aharonov-Bohm effect. Here we report magnetoresistance measurements on individual multi-walled nanotubes, which display pronounced resistance oscillations as a function of magnetic flux. We find that the oscillations are in good agreement with theoretical predictions for the Aharonov-Bohm effect in a hollow conductor with a diameter equal to that of the outermost shell of the nanotubes. In some nanotubes we also observe shorter-period oscillations, which might result from anisotropic electron currents caused by defects in the nanotube lattice.
|Date:||25 February 1999|
|Institutions:||Physics > Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics > Chair Professor Weiss > Group Christoph Strunk|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 530 Physics|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||No|
|Deposited On:||27 Feb 2008 07:06|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:40|