Manley, G. A. and Gleich, Otto and Leppelsack, H.-J. and Oeckinghaus, H. (1985) Activity patterns of cochlear ganglion neurones in the starling. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 157 (2), pp. 161-181.
1. Spontaneous activity and responses to simple tonal stimuli were studied in cochlear ganglion neurones of the starling.
2. Both regular and irregular spontaneous activity were recorded (Figs. I to 5). Non-auditory cells have their origin in the macula lagenae. Mean spontaneous rate for auditory cells (all irregularly spiking) was 45 spikes s-1.
3. In half the units having characteristic frequencies (CFs) <1.5 kHz, time-interval histograms (TIHs) of spontaneous activity showed regularly-spaced peaks or 'preferred' intervals. The spacing of the peak intervals was, on average, 15% greater than the CF-period interval of the respective units (Fig. 11).
4. In TIH of lower-frequency cells without preferred intervals, the modal interval was also on average about 15% longer than the CF-period interval (Fig. 11). Apparently, the resting oscillation frequency of these cells lies below their CF.
5. Tuning curves (TCs) of neurones to short tone bursts show no systematic asymmetry as in mammals. Below CF 1 kHz, the low-frequency flanks of the TCs are, on average, steeper than the high-frequency flanks. Above CF 1 kHz, the reverse is true (Fig. 15).
6. The cochlear ganglion and nerve are tonotopically organized. Low-frequency fibres arise apically in the papilla basilaris and are found near non-auditory (lagenar) fibres (Figs. 2 and 19).
7. Discharge rates to short tones were monotonically related to sound presure level (Fig. 20). Saturation rates often exceeded 300 spikes s- 1.
8. 'On-off' responses and primary suppression of spontaneous activity were observed (Figs. 22 and 23).
9. A direct comparison of spontaneous activity and tuning-curve symmetry (Fig. 15b) revealed that, apart from quantative differences, fundamental qualitative differences exist between starling and guinea-pig primary afferents.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 590 Zoological sciences
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||No|
|Deposited On:||14 May 2008 11:10|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 21:14|