Kramer, Bernd and Bauer, Richard
Agonistic behaviour and electric signalling in a mormyrid fish, Gnathonemus petersii.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 1 (1), pp. 45-61.
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1. Agonistic motor behaviour and concurrent electric signalling were studied in individually held, residential Gnathonemus petersii. Aggressive behaviour was elicited by presenting a specimen of a closely related species, Mormyrus rume, for 3 min a day.
2. The principal agonistic motor patterns are described (Fig. 2). Among them head butt, approach and lateral display were further ...
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