Angerer, Erwin von and Erber, Sebastian (1992) 3-Alkyl-2-phenylbenzo[b]thiophenes: nonsteroidal estrogen antagonists with mammary tumor inhibiting activity. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology 41 (3-8), pp. 557-562.
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A number of 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)benzo[b]thiophenes with a hydroxy group in position 5 or 6 and a short alkyl group at C-3 were synthesized and studied for their estrogen receptor affinities. Relative binding affinities (RBA) for the calf uterine estrogen receptor ranged from 3 to 60 (17 beta-estradiol = 100). The highest RBA values were found with ethyl derivatives [3 (5-OH): 60; 7 (6-OH): 28]. In accord with their receptor affinity, all benzothiophenes exhibited endocrine activity in the immature mouse uterine weight test. At doses of 0.25-7.0 mg/kg body weight, they showed partial estrogen antagonism and usually weak estrogenic effects. All compounds entered tests with hormone-sensitive human MCF-7 breast cancer cells. At concentrations of 1 microM and higher, most of the derivatives displayed significant inhibition of cell growth. These results prompted us to test them in vivo for cytostatic activity using hormone-dependent MXT mouse mammary tumors. The 5-hydroxy derivatives 3 and 4 strongly inhibited the growth of these tumors. After 4 weeks of treatment with 3 x 4.2 mg/kg of compound 3, the average tumor weight was reduced by 83% vs control (tamoxifen at equimolar dose: 74%). The 6-hydroxy derivative 7 required higher doses (25 mg/kg) to give rise to the same antitumor effect. At the end of therapy, no increase of uterine weight due to an estrogenic effect was observed. We assume therefore that the antineoplastic activity of these compounds in this tumor model is due mainly to their estrogen antagonism.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||10 Dec 2008 14:37|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:48|