Zimmermann, Jochen and Liebl, Renate and Angerer, Erwin von (2005) 2,5-Diphenylfuran-based pure antiestrogens with selectivity for the estrogen receptor alpha. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 94 (1-3), pp. 57-66.
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The estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is understood to play an important role in the progression of breast cancer. Therefore, pure antiestrogens with a preference for this receptor form are of interest as new agents for the treatment of this malignancy. Several chemical structures with selective binding affinity for ERalpha have been identified and might be useful for the synthesis of ERalpha-selective pure antiestrogens. In this study we applied the 2,5-diphenylfuran system which is closely related to the triphenylfurans described by others. Various side chains with amino and/or sulfur functions were linked to C3 to convert the furans to estrogen antagonists without residual estrogenic activity. The degree of alpha-selectivity which ranges from 2.5- to 236-fold is strongly influenced by the alkyl group at C4. Antiestrogenic potency was determined in MCF-7/2a breast cancer cells stably transfected with a luciferase gene under the control of an ERE. The 2,5-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)furan with an ethyl substituent and a 6-[N-methyl-N-(3-pentylthiopropyl)amino]hexyl side chain exerted the strongest antiestrogenic effect in this series with an IC(50) value of 50 nM in cells stimulated with 1 nM estradiol. The RBA values of this derivative were 18% (ERalpha) and 3.4% (ERbeta) of estradiol, respectively. It inhibited the growth of wild-type MCF-7 cells with an IC(50) value of 22 nM. The data show that the 2,5-diphenylfuran system is appropriate for the development of pure antiestrogens with preference for ERalpha.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Projects:||GRK 760, Graduiertenkolleg Medizinische Chemie|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||03 Dec 2008 16:26|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 15:48|
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